Biogas, Meet CHP

by Contributor KelscNM on ‎03-21-2013 08:55 AM - last edited on ‎08-26-2013 12:23 PM by Administrator

Nick Kelsch Caterpillar Blog.jpg

 

Besides the renewable energy fuels including wind and solar, there is another fuel to add to the diverse portfolio of sustainables.  Biogas is a natural byproduct of a variety of waste processes. Comprised mostly of methane and carbon dioxide, biogas can be captured from operations such as landfills, wastewater treatment facilities, farming operations and food processing plants and used as a fuel source to generate electric power. The technology of creating and capturing biogas and the engine generator technologies that transform it into energy today are well-established.  Biomethane captured from the various and plentiful sources makes for earth-friendly power generation by diverting gases that would otherwise be released to the atmosphere.

 

Another sustainable energy technology that is well established throughout much of Eurasia and beginning to gain traction in the Americas is combined heat and power (CHP).  These technologies capture waste heat energy created by generator sets and make beneficial use of that energy to serve a facility’s or community’s needs.  CHP lends itself well to biogas-to-energy projects since most farms, industrial and food processing plants, and wastewater facilities use heat in their processes.  The link between bioenergy and CHP is becoming well documented, as identified by the EU COGEN Europe sponsored initiative CHP-Goes-Green http://www.chp-goes-green.info .

 

Caterpillar has been involved in many projects that combine the benefits of biogas energy production with CHP.  Some of these projects include a wastewater treatment plant in the USA, a pig farm in Mexico, and a brewery in China.

 

Calculating a reliable return on investment for these projects is not without difficulty.   In biogas applications, the major costs are capital costs, including fuel treatment and maintenance. Fuel quality is the greatest variable in terms of fuel costs. Biogas contains a variety of impurities that can increase wear and shorten maintenance intervals for the power generation equipment. Every project is different, and every source of biogas is different, which means that impurities will be different according to the source of the biogas.  On the revenue side, it is also important to understand how the tradeoffs between generation capacity, or planned uptime, and fuel efficiency affect revenue. Understanding what the long term value of the generated heat and electricity can also be challenging.  One can also attempt to count on the governmental incentives that exist around the world that support bioenergy with or without CHP.  Companies like Caterpillar have been involved in both the engineering and financing side of biogas and CHP projects, and can be a useful resource when trying to understand the risks and rewards.

 

Despite the risks, some of the highest potential to generate green energy with even greener returns on investment exist in the Biogas + CHP arena, so long as those who execute these projects are investing and planning wisely.

I’m interested in your opinion regarding biogas and CHP as a major player in the sustainable fuels arena.

 

- Is your company looking at renewable and CHP projects as an investment opportunity?

- Where are the opportunities and what are the risks?

- Do advocates of sustainable fuels need to add the cost/benefit ratio to the discussion to motivate change via the financial bottom line?

Comments
by Visitor juan
on ‎04-05-2013 09:09 AM

 De nuevo gracias por participar en vuestro foro: Si a la energia del gas natural o bio gas , deberia este proyecto ser elevado a todos los paises de America Latina ,para empezar el aprovechamiento de millones de M3 de gases que se pierden  en depositos de basura ,y plantas frigorificas 

 En Uruguay, hace unos años ,se empezo a hacer una usina para aprovechar los gases  Poco tiempo despues ,cambia la administracion de la Intendencia de la ciudad de Montevideo ,y por razones IDEOLOGICAS el proyecto fue descontinuado.

Salia exelente gas ;Tal que yo hice una hornalla y calente una caldera de agua

con una llama azul hermosa!

by Contributor ramoos
on ‎04-08-2013 05:07 AM

hi nick,

 

this is i believe is in continuation to your last blog biogas blossoming to which i had shared my comments in india perspective. biogas power plant with combination of heat recovery anytime is a great advantage. it is to mention that the heat recovry in this region mainly are utilised in air conditioning, stp electric needs, hot water generation and meeting plant load. the opportunity in india as i previously wrote in my comments on biogas blossoming is hugh and the major deterrent factor is finance. as cat has financial capabilities these project can work good in india. i am not sure if your blog looks at global investment opportunities or it is mainly inwardedly US centric. the investment possibility is india is great considering the waste that we generate/ distilleries/ chemical plants/ sugar mills etc.

by the way i would also inform my good online community friends that 18 april is my last day in GMMCO Limited (CAT Delaership in India). thanks for various blogs giving me insight into global knowledge sharing. i can be reached at rammos@vsnl.com.

by Contributor ramoos
on ‎04-08-2013 05:08 AM

a small correction to my last comment, my email id is ramoos@vsnl.com. sorry for the inconvenience.

by Contributor KelscNM
on ‎04-08-2013 10:12 AM

Ramoos,

 

Yes, I also agree that biogas cogeneration systems in India provide a great opportunity.  The financial benefits are relatively easy to calculate, and I see many large multi-national food and beverage companies finding the projects easy to execute when they are funded internally.  It is a much different story for smaller operations that don't have a lot of capital sitting around to spend on energy projects.  This does not mean that the financials are any less attractive or the project any more feasible.

 

You make a good point about Cat Financial.  Caterpillar has financed many biogas projects around the world, and has a unique perspective on the viability of these projects versus other mainstream lenders.

 

Best of luck in your future endeavors.


Nick

by Contributor KelscNM
on ‎04-08-2013 10:16 AM

Juan,

 

Qué pena que no se podía lograr el apoyo necesario para su proyecto gubernamental. Donde había una oportunidad sigue siendo una oportunidad de biogás. Si usted tiene alguna necesidad de apoyo de Caterpillar en un proyecto, por favor póngase en contactarnos.

 

Nick

by New member marcelocuello82
on ‎04-08-2013 04:18 PM

Hola! Ante todo los saludo y espero que cada uno pueda sacar probecho de este blog. Por mi parte, escribo para solicitar material de estudio acerca de motores a gas o preferentemente biogas. Soy ingeniero mecánico, y elaborè varios anteproyectos a municipalidades de distintas ciudades de argentina y algunos establecimientos ganaderos. Sin embargo, la actividad no toma cause. En argentina el INTA está intentando proponer el uso de bio-fertilizantes para entusiasmar a los productores. Yo trato de seguir igualmente el tema aunque mi actividad laboral depende de otras cosas. Por eso le pido a los que quieran colaborar: información técnica acerca de motores de combustión interna para generación de electricidad, especialmente los que utilizan Biogas (basados en expericiencias, mantenimiento, problemas frecuentes en las camisas de cilindros, etc).

A cambio puedo hacer anteproyectos que incluyan cogeneración a costos bajísimos! Por cualquier consulta escribir a marcelocuello82@hotmail.com

Gracias

 

Hello! First of all the greeting and I hope that everyone can take probecho of this blog. For my part, I write to request material study on gas engines or preferably biogas. I'm a mechanical engineer, and draw blueprints to several municipalities in different cities of Argentina and some ranches. However, no activity takes cause. INTA in Argentina is trying to propose the use of bio-fertilizers to enthuse producers. I also try to follow the topic but my working depends on other things. So I ask those who want to work: technical information about internal combustion engines for power generation, especially those using Biogas (based on expericiencias, maintenance, common problems in liners, etc).
In return I can make blueprints that include cogeneration very low cost! For further information write to marcelocuello82@hotmail.com
thanks

by New member mtoxqui
on ‎04-11-2013 01:31 PM

Los apoyos para este tipo de proyectos que benefician al planeta son relevantes y se deben lleva a cabo, no sólo por lo beneficios de los cers sino para la generación de energía verde, este tema tiene un gran impacto en la sociedad. En este último tema estoy trabajando y pido alguna información para ampliar el conocimiento y aplicarlo al proceso de quema de biogás generado por residuos sólidos.

Gracias.

 

 

by New member Sterling2013
on ‎04-18-2013 09:22 PM

Looking for the manufacturer year of a 3306 engine serial 66D37552.

Can anyone help me out?

Thank you

by Visitor juan
on ‎05-27-2013 06:53 AM

 Nick  kelsh  Amigo , Montevideo Uruguay tiene un basurero( Usina 5 )donde se puede con poco trabajo sacar gas natural  El el post anterior yo comento mi experiencia  Lamentablemente;por razones ideologicas  La intendencia en manos de comunistas ,no permiten la explotacion a particulares habida cuenta que el pais cuenta con un ente oficial Ancap, que es el regulador de todas las actividades relacionadas con la energia

Es muy engorrosa la burocracia uruguaya ,por lo menos por estos tiempos .Mientras no cambie el partido de gobierno( socialmarxista) despues del 2014 no se puede  intentar nada

by Contributor KelscNM
on ‎02-13-2014 11:47 AM

@marcellocuello82 & mtoxqui.  Me permiten recommendarles un documento technico (white paper) donde presentamos ideas y recomendacions relacioandos al desarollo y execucion de proyectos de energia con biogas.

Espanol - https://emc.cat.com/pubdirect.ashx?media_string_id=LSXE0595-

---------------------

Let me recommend a white paper where we present ideas and recommendations related to the development and execution of biogas energy projects.

English - https://emc.cat.com/pubdirect.ashx?media_string_id=LEXE0595-

by komal
on ‎02-28-2017 01:32 AM

The financial benefits are relatively easy to calculate, and I see many large multi-national food and beverage companies finding the projects easy to execute when they are funded internally.  It is a much different story for smaller operations that don't have a lot of capital sitting around to spend on energy projects

March 2017 calendar
by New member andrewrbdf1
on ‎05-25-2017 10:46 AM
Does anyone have the rated value for the excitor stator for the CAT 3412 C generator
by New member dpboss
on ‎01-13-2018 03:07 AM - last edited on ‎02-05-2018 07:52 AM by Administrator

Your blog website provided us with useful information to execute with. Each & every recommendations of your website are awesome.

by New member graphicsdriver
on ‎02-03-2018 03:02 AM - last edited on ‎02-05-2018 07:52 AM by Administrator

Thanks for sharing nice one.

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